One of the last Pharaohs of the 13th Dynasty. He reigned for 11 years according to the Turin King List; longer than any other Pharaoh of that dynasty. There were a number of other Pharaohs in this Dynasty but they only reigned for very short periods. Neferhotep I was succeeded by his brother Sobkhotpe IV rather than his son Wahneferhotep. He was probably the ‘Pharaoh of the Exodus’. The Pharaoh that refused to ‘let the Israelites go’. His mummy has never been found. The semitic slave villages of Kahun and Tel ed-Daba were occupied up until Neferhotep I (Scarabs of the 12th and 13th dynasty pharaohs up to and including Neferhotep I‘s were found by Flinders Petrie at Kahun). These towns were suddenly evacuated near the end of the 13th dynasty. Following Neferhotep I‘s death, the Hyksos were able to invade Egypt with very little resistance.
Neferhotep I of the 13th dynasty. ‘The Pharaoh of the Exodus‘. The Pharaoh that Moses (Amenemhet IV) confronted. The Pharaoh who suffered the ten plagues and lost his son (Wahneferhotep) in the last plague. The Pharaoh who drowned along with his army when he pursued the Israelites into the Red Sea.